This is Smart Water

Precipitation forecast and water-related

disaster response systems for the city

The most important feature of using IoT before, during, and after natural disasters is connecting the community and disseminating emergency information. This connectivity will keep more people safe and help everyone understand what is happening and what actions to take. As the IoT imbeds deeper into our lives, disaster relief efforts can improve, helping all of those in need.



The IoT cannot stop a natural disaster from happening, but it can warn people and help broadcast instructions on how to best proceed when one is about to strike. IoT sensors can monitor temperature, smoke, humidity, and weather patterns to predict when and where a disaster could happen. Sensors can identify potentially affected areas, which cities can evacuate as necessary and provide emergency teams to help where. In the case of a water flood, for example, sensors can detect how far the flood is spreading and how quickly, which means getting more people out of its way faster. Or, if a storm is about to hit, connected stores can adequately stock up on supplies to avoid empty grocery and hardware stores.


During a natural disaster, communication is vital. Authorities need to talk with residents in impacted areas. The combination of IoT sensors in the affected area and connected citizens who can help provide updates will help keep more people safe. IoT can help broadcast emergency announcements to citizen’s devices and guide them in taking necessary action during the disaster. IoT data can also help disaster relief response teams to work better. Teams can make data-driven decisions on where to set up relief tents, which areas need attention first, and ensure real-time communication between all team members.


The IoT can be immensely helpful to ensure proper relief efforts. Data can be used to distribute food and water to everyone, evenly and quickly. Once it’s safe for relief teams to enter impacted areas, data can show where disasters struck the hardest, so teams can immediately be deployed to those areas first. Data gathered from sensors on buildings can help with reconstruction by giving information on damages, which means those who are rebuilding understand how to create stronger structures for the future.

Water Management Systems

IoT has started to play key role in reducing water waste and help promote more efficient water consumption by monitoring consumption and loss rates and using this data to reveal further insight into how much water is being used or wasted and where. This is essential when determining how to improve and enhance management operations in order to reduce losses and increase efficiency.



It is important for reservoirs and overhead water tanks to have sensors and equipment which are specially designed to display the level of water present in it. With the help of these sensors, the water level in the reservoir or the overhead tank can be sent to server at regular intervals to calculate the amount of water used on a daily basis. This entire process of determining the water level in the reservoir and then reflecting it on to the main server will surely help in conserving water.



Currently, we see a huge amount of water getting wasted during the irrigation process. This is because the process of irrigation is scheduled automatically at a particular time irrespective of the weather condition and moisture present in the soil. This problem of water wastage can be tackled with the use of IoT. IoT sensors can determine the weather condition and the soil moisture which will help in getting the right amount of water at appropriate time to the desired place.


Water conservation is one of the essential aspects in water management, specifically in urban areas, where keeping a record of water consumption is extremely challenging. This issue can be solved using IoT which will keep a record of people using water on a particular day. We can analyze the data and the weather condition of that day to determine the amount of water consumed by the people on a particular city. This will surely help the water authorities manage the flow of water in much more effective manner.


The biggest challenge in water management is to monitor water levels, leakages, water quality and the flow of water through different channels. IoT can come to our rescue in all these areas. Sensors installed at various places in the water system can detect the temperature changes, water leakage, chemical leakage, and pressure level in it. These sensors will then collect the information and send it to the main server. This will ensure that the service engineers solve the issues quickly. Another advantage of IoT in water (waste water management) is that it can detect and calculate the amount of chemical residue present in the water.


The internet of things can be used for measuring and monitoring the data captured and drawing real-time analysis of water testing in industries like manufacturing, energy etc. IoT can also be used for public utility companies in the field. The readings are provided to the end users with the help of water testing meters and sensor devices. The end user can get information like Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Bacteria, Chlorine, Electrical conductivity, etc. This will help in accessing the real-time, accurate quantification of results and will also provide the ability to pinpoint the problem areas.